Jungle Cat - Felis chaus
( Schreber, 1777 )

 

 

Jungle Cat Photo
Jungle Cat Location Map
Asia / North Africa
Jungle Cat Photo Jungle Cat Location Map Asia / North Africa

Subspecies: 9
Est. World Population: Unknown

CITES Status: NOT LISTED
IUCN Status: NOT LISTED
U.S. ESA Status: NOT LISTED

Body Length: 19 - 30 in
Tail Length: 9 - 12 in
Shoulder Height: 10 -13 in
Weight: 8 - 35 lbs

Top Speed: Unknown
Jumping Ability: Unknown (Horizontal)

Life Span: 12 - 14 yrs in the Wild
Life Span: Unknown in Captivity

Sexual Maturity: 18 - 24 mo (Females)
Sexual Maturity: 18 - 24 mo (Males)
Litter Size: 3 - 5
Gestation Period: 62 - 66 days

Identification:
Head and body length of Felis chaus ranges from 19 - 30 inches and tail length from 9 - 12 inches. The pelage is generally sandy gray to tawny brown and lacks distinct markings on the body. The tail has several dark rings and a black tip and the ears have black tufts. Felis chaus has the longest legs in proportion to body size of any felid in Indochina, suggesting their ability to chase down prey.

Subspecies:
F.c.affinis:
- Kashmir
F.c.chaus:
- Caucasus
F.c.fulvidina:
- Indochina
F.c.furax:
F.c.kelaarita:
- South India, Sri Lanka
F.c.kutas:
- North India, Pakistan
F.c.nilotica:
- Egypt
F.c.oxiana:
F.c.prateri:

Habitat:
Felis chaus is found in a wide variety of habitats. Typically, they inhabit wet grasslands and reed thickets near stagnant or slowly flowing water. Although some populations reside in dry areas, F. chaus is never far from a pool of water (Parker, 1990). Jungle cats live at elevations between sea level and 7900 feet (Nowak, 1991).

Biomes: tropical rainforest, tropical deciduous forest, tropical scrub forest, desert

Range:
Felis chaus inhabits Asia and North Africa, including Indochina, Thailand, Burma, India, Sri Lanka, Mesopotamia, and North Egypt. Afghanistan and Transcapia define the northern border of its range (Parker, 1990).

Life Cycle:
Felis chaus has a polyestrous reproductive cycle. In central Asian populations mating activity is most intense during February and March, but kittens have been observed year round (Macdonald, 1995). Sexual maturity is achieved at 1.5 to 2 years of age, and gestation takes 66 days. Usually, a litter consists of 3-5 young (Parker, 1990).

Food & Hunting:
Felis chaus preys on hares and other small mammals, ground birds, snakes, lizards and frogs. They actively hunt during both the day and night, though some consider it a diurnal species (Parker, 1990). Like all members of Felis, they feed while in a crouched position, unlike larger felids (MacDonald, 1995).

Behaviour:
Like most felids, Felis chaus are solitary animals. They are active both day and night and den in thick vegetation or in the abandoned burrows of badgers, foxes, or porcupines (Nowak, 1991). When resting they twist the forefeet at the wrist joint and tuck them under the body (MacDonald, 1995). Competitors include leopards, wolves, red dogs, and hyenas (Parker, 1990).

Conservation:
Populations of Felis chaus do not appear to be currently threatened.

Other Details:
Many small, wild members of Felis have not received much scientific attention, so little is known about the specifics of their biology (MacDonald, 1995).

References:
Nowak, Ronald. Walker's Mammals Of The World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999
Grzimek, Bernhard. Grzimeks Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group, 1990
Macdonald, David W. (Editor). Princeton Encyclopedia of Mammals. Princeton University Press, 2009

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Database Last Updated: 31 Dec 1969

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